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Early free software II

Posted by Pablo Gonzalez on June 9th 2012

"If you have an apple and I have another apple and we exchange the two continue to have an apple, but if you have an idea and I have another idea we'll both have two ideas."

Bernard Shaw

This is one of my favorite lines, but in the times in which we are, where the licenses and rights are the order of the day and we played a lawsuit, this is not so easy.

For this reason, in this article we will deal especially basic legal issues in subsequent articles and talk of free licenses.

Intellectual property:

We can identify the intellectual property copyright (copyright) that protect the works from unauthorized copying.

Intellectual property is protected and coordinated by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) by the agreements which are forced in the participating countries of the World Trade Organization to comply.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights recognizes in its articles the right to moral and material rights of their works are protected, so that his philosophy is to try the authors of the idea "reward". Remarkably, when the promotion ends or validity, intellectual property expires.

The mission is that through intellectual property can provide a competitive advantage to the author of the idea to exploit during the term of intellectual property.


Initially it was created to protect rights to authors of art and books.

This protection helps protect ideas, expressions and knowledge. What you need to be very, very clear it is that these rights are immediately begin to publish the work, but not put (c) in our work.

Example, I make a picture and the public without indicating that the public domain or any other license, this photograph has a copyrigh, copyright preventing any use without notice and in case of breaching it can proceed with a lawsuit.

If you want to protect a copyrighted work recommend going to the notary and protect it. In this way we can show later copies.

Formalized by the Berne Convention in 1886.

Patents and trademarks:

At this point I will be very brief, patents and trademarks are registered because normally represents quality and value in a market.

The curiosity here is that this type of law is provided from the 15 25 the years.

View this site it is very interesting to search for patents and trademarks in Europe and USA we can use the page

As an example, I searched the trademark "LinEx" distribution created in Extremadura for a very interesting project discussed below, and I found:


  • Case file:M 2449568
  • Distinctive Type:D
  • Date of situation:16 / 11 / 2002
  • Nice Classification:09

Hence, we can extract much information, but something that is not so obvious is the "Nice Classification" which is a standard that informs us of the classification of this brand. To view this classification see the following page:

Trade secret:

Based on the advantage in that the company protects their works through industrial property.

A typical example may be the evil empire, where their proprietary programs compiled and provided to us to reverse engineer is considered a crime.

Let's look at the license for example Windows XP, paragraph 4:


DISASSEMBLY. You may not reverse engineer, decompile, or

disassemble the Software, except and only to the extent that such activity is expressly

permitted by applicable law notwithstanding this limitation.

In the next issue we start with the free licenses, definitions, types and compatibility.

I hope you find it useful.

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Early free software I

Posted by Pablo Gonzalez on June 8th 2012

We begin this part of the blog as it should, from the start :-).

First a little history ...

In 1991 the Finnish student Linus Torvalds announced on the Internet for developing a core operating system and donated it to the community to function properly checkear.

This kernel Linux became ...

The foundation "Free Software Foundation (FSF)" from 1984 free software generated with GNU. Thanks to the vision of Richard Stallman who was a member of the FSF and promoted the software as a free tool where business models were: maintenance, training, additional services, literature searches, etc ... it started developing a series of free applications and quality.

At the junction of these two projects was born the environment we now know as GNU / Linux.

For this reason, we can not call it "Linux" is wrong, and his real name is GNU / Linux!.

To not ramble too much, just wanted to clarify that this combination was achieved by moving from concept to Open Source Free Software (Open Source) and this was recorded and produced a small conflict between the FSF and Open Source. Do not go into more detail here.

In 1997 Bruce Perens Open Source definitions generated later the Open Source Initiative (OSI) re-edited and published.

Importantly, and remember the following items that the OSI will be responsible for managing open source licenses. For more details see: and licenses approved by OSI,

(On the licenses discussed in another chapter, as it is interesting to spend time and inclination!).

I leave a link that shows when Linus Tovards community makes this great milestone and what we know today as a great operating system:

Megacrack read »

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